Education aims at the full development of the human personality. The human personality has several sides and it is the purpose of education to develop all these sides so that the individual may attain his full stature. Man has a body, a mind, and a spirit. Accordingly, education aims at the physical development, intellectual development, and spiritual and moral development of man. It is a very narrow view of education to think that education merely gives knowledge to a human being and thus fits him for the purpose of earning his livelihood, but education does much more than this.
2. Physical health and fitness
Education cannot ignore the physical side of man. Man has been blessed with a beautiful body. Poets, painters, and sculptors have gone into repute over the human body and have tried to depict it in their art in any way. Games are a means of keeping the body healthy and fit. Physical fitness and freedom from all kinds of m ailments are the desire and ambitions of every human being. Indeed, good health is the first condition of happiness in life. Those who play games generally maintain good health. Games are an excellent means of bodily exercise.
3. Training for the mind
Games are not just a diversion for the mind; they even provide a kind of training for the mind. Most games today are a matter of high skill and ripe judgment. Hockey football, cricket, and other games are not just a matter of physical exertion and exercise. Proficiency in these games is a matter of long practice. The player must acquire the art of playing a game. Every game, therefore, contributes to the development of the mind and the judgment of a player. Good players show a lot of mental alertness and ingenuity in the course of their play.
Fair play is a noble moral quality when practiced in political dealing. The quality is best inculcated in human beings through games. The habit of fair play makes a man love honesty, integrity, and justice which are great moral qualities. Games also teach the lesson of accepting a defeat on the playfield with a smiling face. Defeated players shake hands with his victorious opponent and even offers him congratulations. Defeat does not dishearten or depress a true sportsman. On the contrary, it provides an incentive for greater effort.
4. Moral lesson
This lesson also is bound to prove useful to a man in the wider sphere of life. Life has its misfortune, woes, and failures, but a man with a tough character is not daunted by these.
Games make a man ought and thus enable him to withstand the ‘’slings and arrows’’ of fortune.
Games teach certain other lessons as well. They teach team spirit of mutual cooperation; they teach the value of unity or united effort; they teach the necessity of always obeying the orders of the captain or the leader. All these are valuable lessons that prepare man to live correctly and nobly. Education aims at building up character, and character includes all these qualities mentioned above.
Thus the value of games in forming and molding character is very great. Education aims too, at developing qualities of leadership in human beings. The qualities of leadership are developed most effectively and fruitfully through games.
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